Date of allotment Vs. Date of Sale Deed: How to compute the Period of Holding


Date of allotment Vs. Date of Sale Deed: How to compute the Period of Holding

We (I along with my father) purchased the flat in 1988 for Rs. 14 Lakh. The payment was also done in 1988. The vacant possession was also handed over to us by the builder along with the allotment letter. We have been residing in the flat since 1991. The sale deed could not be executed as the required sanction/permission was not there and some dispute was there in the property. My Father expired in 2007 and I was the only surviving legal heir thereafter. The builder has now executed the sale deed in the Month of June-22 in my name for Rs. 12 Lakh (Stamp Duty Valuation – Rs. 1.14 Cr). I have decided to sell the flat for Rs. 1.25 Cr and will be using the amount for purchase of another independent house property. The value of the new independent house property will be around Rs. 1.50 Cr which will be more than the sale consideration of our existing flat. My queries are as under:

  1. Whether any income tax liability on artificial income will be there against the sale deed done on June-22?
  2. Whether the sale deed executed in June 2022 will be treated as the date of purchase or it would be reckoned from 1988 or from 1991?
  3. Will I be able to save the tax if I invest the amount for purchase of another flat? [mahe*****]


  1. Any Land or Building sold after a holding period of more than 2 years is considered as Long Term Capital Assets and is eligible for indexation benefit. The profit there from is termed as Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG) and is normally taxable at a special rate of 20%.Tax on LTCG arising from transfer of the house property can be saved by claiming an exemption u/s 54 or 54EC.
  2. Question emerges as to counting the period of 2 years for reckoning such assets as Long Term in certain scenarios.
  3. In case of Assets received by way of Gift, Will or inheritance:
    The period of holding of the previous owner is also added to the holding period of successive owners. For example, Mr. Ram has received a property by way of gift from his brother Mr. Shyam on 01.04.2018. Mr. Shyam purchased the said property on 01.04.2010. Even if actual holding period of Mr. Ram is of around 1 year only still it would be treated as Long Term. The holding period of previous owner i.e., Mr. Shyam would be added to the holding period of successive owner and so holding period of Mr. Ram would be reckoned from 01.04.2010.
  4. In case the sale deed is not executed but either an allotment letter is issued or possession is handed over by the seller:
    Normally, the period of holding is recognized from the date of execution of sale deed. But there are numerous instances wherein the sale deed is delayed due to some legal or personal issues & sale deed gets deferred for a considerable period of time. As a result, legal holding period and actual holding period may be different. Reckoning the holding period in such cases may differ from case to case basis. Income tax authorities normally count the holding period from the date of sale deed. However, the judiciary has taken a lenient view in such scenarios. Few interesting decisions are delivered by judiciary in different cases, as under:
  5. a)Delhi High Court in CIT Vs K Ramakrishanan 48 com55 (Delhi) has held as under:
    In order to determine taxability of capital gain arising from the sale of property, it is the date of allotment of property which is relevant for the purpose of computing holding period and not the date of registration of conveyance deed.
  6. b)Mumbai ITAT in the case of one Mr. Keyur Shah (ITA No.6710/Mum/2017) has concluded that the Allottee gets title to the property on the issue of allotment letter and the payment of installments was only a follow­- up action and taking the delivery of possession is only a formality.
    If the allotment letter is not conditional, then entering into an agreement of sale subsequently is a mere improvement of the tax payer’s existing right to acquire a specific property and is part and parcel of the same transaction. The position emerging from the above pronouncement is that the legal ownership may not be critical for computing the period of holding from an Income Tax perspective.Date of allotment of a house can be considered as the date of acquisition.
    ITAT has held that the date of allotment is the date of acquisition as no material changes were there in the terms and conditions as compared to those in the final registered agreement. The holding period may be recognized from this date of allotment and not from the date of registration. Above decisions can help taxpayers where sale deeds are executed much later than the date of allotment or handing over the possession by the builders.
    The intention of the law in using the word “held” indicates that the legal ownership of the asset is not the main criteria for determining holding period. An allotment letter means that the buyer has the right in the property. Execution of sale deed at a subsequent date is not of much relevance for capital gain computation. It is not necessary that the buyer needs to be the owner with a sale deed to determine the holding period.
  1. In your specific case, there must be enough documents and records to prove that you own & enjoy the property since 1991 or 1988. Your date of acquisition would be reckoned from 1988 and not June-2022. As a result, sale deed in June-2022 may not carry any tax implication. The amount on sale of your old house property would result in LTCG in your hands which can be saved by claiming an exemption U/s 54 by making investment in another house property. You can compute LTCG by adopting the FMV as on 01.04.2001 and you can claim exemption U/s 54 against your investment in the new house property.

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The copy of the ITAT order in the case of Assistant Commissioner Of Income vs Keyur Hemant Shah, Mumbai on 2 April, 2019 is also relevant here. The same is produced hereunder:



 Income Tax Appellate Tribunal – Mumbai

Assistant Commissioner Of Income


Keyur Hemant Shah, Mumbai on 2 April, 2019


                                                                          ITA No.6710/Mum/2017

                                                                         Shri Keyur Hemant Shah

                                                                        Assessment Year-2013-14

               आयकर अपीलीय अिधकरण “एच”  ायपीठ मुं बई म ।


                         “H” BENCH, MUMBAI

                          ी श  जीत दे , ाियक सद” एवं

                 ी मनोज कुमारअ&वाल,, ले खा सद” के सम(।।



          आयकरअपील सं./ I.T.A. No.6710/M um/2017

          (िनधा)रण वष) / Assessment Year: 2013-14)


Room No.508

C-10, 5 Floor

Bandra Kurla Complex

Juhu-Vile Parle (W)

Bandra (E), Mumbai-400 051

 (अपीलाथ /Appellant)


Shri Keyur Hemant Shah

Pratyakshkar Bhavan, 12th Road, JVPD Scheme

2nd Floor, 15 Jaihind Society

Mumbai-400 049.



Represented by

Appellant by         :   Manoj Kumar Singh-Ld. DR

Respondent by        :   V. Chandrashekhar and Harshad                                                     Shah-Ld.ARs.

                         सुनवाईक तार ख/

                                                 :   07/03/2019

                      Date of Hearing

                         घोषणाक तार ख /

                                                 :   02/04/2019

              Date of Pronouncement

                                   आदे श / O R D E R

Per Manoj Kumar Aggarwal (Accountant Member):-

Aforesaid appeal by revenue for Assessment Year [in short referred to as ‘AY’] 2013-14 contest the order of Ld. Commissioner of Income-Tax(Appeals)-37, Mumbai, [in short referred to as ‘CIT(A)’], on following grounds of appeals: –

“1. On the facts and in the circumstances of the case and in law, the Ld. CIT(A) has erred in deleting the addition on account of Short-Term Capital Gain stating that the      right in a property is created once its title is allotted to the purchaser and more so, if full consideration is paid. As the assessee had received an allotment vide letter       dated 26.02.2008 and paid full consideration by 24.07.2008. Therefore, the assessee got the title to the property on the issuance of the allotment letter by the builder / seller.”

  1. “On the facts and in the circumstances of the case and in law, the Ld. CIT(A) has erred in allowing the deduction claimed u/s.54F of Rs.l,09,40,072/-, stating that the      house was purchased within two years of sale, as required u/s 54F”
  2. “On the facts and in the circumstances of the case and in law, the Ld. CIT(A) has erred in not considering that the addition was made by the AO because it was clearly       mentioned in the 2nd para of the allotment letter that the documents regarding allotment would be executed after the same was stamped by the buyers. As the assessee entered into an agreement for sale (for purchasing the under construction  flat) on 25.03.2010 and the period of holding of rights from 25.03.2010 to 04.04.2012 is less than 36 months, thereby making the gain on transfer of rights as Short Term Capital Gain”.
  3. “On the facts and in the circumstances of the case and in law, the Ld.-ClT(A) has erred in not considering that the allotment letter did not contain the flat number nor      any unconditional rights to dispose of the property. It is clear that the allotment letter was only an offer and the right or interest in property was to accrue only on      signing and stamping of the agreement. Only the agreement dated 25.03.2010 conveyed the right to acquire the property which was under construction on the date of agreement.”
  4. “On the facts and circumstances of the case and in law, the Ld. CIT(A) has erred in not considering that the assessee had not purchased the new property claimed      u/s. 54F, but just made an advance payment to the builder. The assessee had not entered into any agreement with the buyer.”
  5. On the facts and circumstances of the case and in law, the Ld. CIT (A) has erred in not appreciating the decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of Gulshan Malik       Vs. CIT in ITA No.55/2014, CM Appl 2383/2014 & 2384/2014 (2014) 43 Taxmann.Com 200 (Delhi)’ wherein it was held that a right or an interest in an immovable property can accrue to a buyer only by way of an agreement.”
  6. “The appellant prays that the order of the CIT(A) on the above grounds be set aside and that of the Assessing Officer be restored.”

2.1   Facts

in brief are that the assessee being resident individual was assessed in scrutiny assessment u/s 143(3) for impugned AY on 12/02/2016 wherein the assessee’s income was determined at Rs.401.78 Lacs after certain adjustments as against returned income of Rs.185.33 Lacs filed by the assessee on 31/07/2013. As evident from grounds of appeal, the subject matter of present appeal is to determine the nature of certain capital gains earned by the assessee in the impugned AY and the assessee’s eligibility to claim deduction u/s 54F.

2.2 During assessment proceedings, it transpired that the assessee sold a duplex apartment Flat No.1201 with 4 car parking in the building Natura of Tapovan Cooperative Society Ltd., Santa Cruz (W), Mumbai [flat] on 04/04/2012 for a sale consideration of Rs.1200 Lacs, the assessee’s share being 50% in the same. The assessee after adjusting the indexed cost of acquisition worked out Long-Term Capital Gains [LTCG] for Rs.288.73 Lacs and after claiming deduction u/s 54F for Rs.109.40 Lacs against the same, offered balance LTCG of Rs.179.33 Lacs to tax.

2.3 It transpired that the said flat was purchased by the assessee vide Registered Agreement for Sale on 25/03/2010 and counted from this date, the assessee’s holding period was less than 36 months which led to Ld. AO to treat the resultant gains as short-term capital gains [STCG]. The assessee defended the same by submitting that the said flat was purchased vide allotment letter dated 26/02/2008 and substantial payment of Rs.185.50 Lacs was already made by 24/07/2008 and therefore the holding period, as counted from the date of allotment letter, was more than 36 months and therefore the resultant gains were Long-Term Capital Gains.

2.4 However, upon perusal of allotment letter as extracted on para 4.4 of the quantum assessment order, Ld. AO noted that the same did not contain the specific flat number and it mentioned the fact that documents regarding allotment will be executed after the same is stamped by the buyer and therefore, the assessee did not have unconditional right to dispose of the property. Reliance was placed on the decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court rendered in Gulshan Malik Vs. CIT [43 200] while arriving at the conclusion that it was only the agreement dated 25/03/2010 which conveyed the right to acquire the property in favor of the assessee. It was also noted that the flat was at under construction stage on the date of agreement. Therefore, the resultant gains, in the opinion of ld. AO, were short-term in nature.

2.5 Proceeding further, as a logical consequence to above conclusion, deduction u/s 54F as claimed by the assessee was also denied. Another fact noted by Ld. AO to deny the same was that the assessee merely advanced certain sum of money towards purchase of the new property and did not actually purchased the property. Finally, the gains were treated as STCG and the indexation benefit was denied to the assessee. Also, deduction u/s 54F was denied to the assessee.

3.1 Aggrieved, the assessee agitated the same with success before Ld. first appellate authority vide impugned order dated 17/09/2017 wherein it was, inter-alia, held that right in the property was created once the title was allotted to the purchaser and the payment of installment as well as delivery of possession was mere formality. Reliance was placed on CBDT circular No. 471 & 672 to draw the said conclusion. The ratio of the following judicial pronouncement was also considered while forming such an opinion: –

No./    Case Law/ Judicial Authority/Citation

  1. Vinod Kumar Jain Vs. Ld. CIT – Hon’ble Punjab & Haryana                                            High Court- 244 CTR 346
  2. Sanjeev Lall Vs CIT – Hon’ble Supreme Court-365 ITR 389
  3. CIT Vs. Vijay Flexible Containers Hon’ble Bombay High Court 186 ITR 693
  4. CIT Vs Ram Gopal Hon’ble Delhi High Court ITA 70/2015 09/02/2015
  5. Snehabimal Vs PCIT Mumbai Tribunal ITA 5489/M/2015
  6. Seeta Prabhu Vs ITO Mumbai Tribunal ITA 1020/M/2015

The case law of Gulshan Malik Vs. CIT [supra] was held to be distinguishable on facts since in that case the confirmation letter specifically provided that no right to provisional / final allotment accrues until the buyers’ agreement is signed, which was not the case here. Finally, convinced with factual matrix, Ld. first appellate authority, vide para nos. 5.4 to 5.10 of the impugned order, came to a conclusion that the resultant gains were Long-Term Capital Gains in nature, against which benefit of progressive indexation was available to the assessee.

3.2 Regarding assessee’s claim u/s 54F, it was noted that the investment in new flat was made on 14/04/2012 which was well within the stipulated time period as envisaged by Section 54F and therefore, the assessee was eligible to claim the said deduction in terms of CBDT circular No. 471 dated 15/10/1986. Reliance was placed on several judicial pronouncements also to arrive at the said conclusion, which has already been discussed in the impugned order in para nos. 6.5 to 6.8 of the impugned order. Accordingly, Ld. AO was directed to allow the claim of Rs.109.40 Lacs u/s 54F as claimed by the assessee.

Aggrieved, the revenue is in further appeal before us.

  1. The Ld. DR, placing reliance on the cited decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in Gulshan Malik Vs. CIT [43 200] supported the stand of Ld. AO by submitting that this decision has already attained finality by way of dismissal of Special Leave Petition by Hon’ble Apex Court on 26/10/2015 vide SLP No. 30670/2014. On the other hand, Ld. Authorized Representative for Assessee [AR] submitted that the issue stood squarely covered in assessee’s favor by catena of binding judicial pronouncements and the cited case law of Hon’ble Delhi High Court was distinguishable on facts.

Reliance has been placed on the recent decision of Hon’ble Bombay High Court rendered in PCIT Vs. Vembu Vaidyanathan [ITA No. 1459 of 2016 dated 22/01/2019], a copy of which has been placed on record.

5.1 we have carefully heard the rival submissions and perused relevant material on record. Upon perusal, the undisputed facts that emerges are that the assessee has acquired the rights in a duplex flat on 12th & 13th floor front facing the road admeasuring 1961.75 Square Feets & terrace measuring 881.5 Square Feets as per the attached layout plan along with 4 car parking in building known as Tapovan vide Allotment Letter dated 26/02/2008 issued by DSD Builders & Developers Pvt. Ltd. for total consideration of Rs.371 Lacs.

The said allotment is not a conditional allotment and do not envisages cancellation of the allotted property, in any manner. Therefore, the assessee has acquired right in a specific property which is clearly earmarked in the layout plan. The full payment of the same has been made by the assessee by 24/07/2008 which is evident from assessee’s letter containing payment details as placed on page no. 4 of the paper-book. Subsequently, agreement of sale has been executed by the builder in assessee’s favor on 25/03/2010 which was nothing but mere improvement in assessee’s existing rights to acquire a specific property and part & parcel of the same transaction. This being the case, the case laws being relied upon by the revenue do not apply to the factual matrix of the case and therefore, rightly, distinguished by the Ld. first appellate authority.

5.2 We find that the factual matrix of the present case is squarely covered by the recent decision of Hon’ble Bombay High Court rendered in PCIT Vs. Vembu Vaidyanathan [ITA No. 1459 of 2016 dated 22/01/2019], wherein the issue has succinctly been clinched by Hon’ble Court in the following manner: –

2. This question arises in following background. The respondent-assessee is an individual. The assessee had filed the return of income for the assessment year 2009-10 and claimed long term capital gain arising out of capital asset in the nature of a residential unit. During the course of assessment, the Assessing Officer examined this claim and came to the conclusion that the gain arising out of sale of capital asset was a short term capital gain. The controversy between the assessee and the revenue revolves around the question as to when the assessee can be stated to have acquired the capital asset. The assessee argued that the residential unit in question was acquired on the date on which the allotment letter was issued by the builder which was on 31st December, 2004. The Assessing Officer however contended that the transfer of the asset in favour of the assessee would be complete only on the date of agreement which was executed on 17th May, 2008.

3. CIT appeals and the Tribunal held the issue in favour of the assessee relying on various judgments of different High Courts including the judgment of this Court in case of CIT v. TATA Services Ltd. [1980] 122 ITR 594/[1999] 1 Taxman 427. Reliance was also placed on CBDT circulars.

  1. Having heard learned counsel for the parties, we notice that the CBDT in its circular No.471 dated 15th October, 1986 had clarified this position by holding that when an assessee purchases a flat to be constructed by Delhi Development Authority (“D.D.A.” for short) for which allotment letter is issued, the date of such allotment would be relevant date for the purpose of capital gain tax as a date of acquisition. It was noted that such allotment is final unless it is cancelled or the allottee withdraw from the scheme and such allotment would be cancelled only under exceptional circumstances. It was noted that the allottee gets title to the property on the issue of allotment letter and the payment of installments was only a follow-up action and taking the delivery of possession is only a formality.
  2. This aspect was further clarified by the CBDT in its later circular No.672 dated 16th December, 1993. In such circular representations were made to the board that in cases of allotment of flats or houses by co-operative societies or other institutions whose schemes of allotment and consideration are similar to those of D.D.A., similar view should be taken as was done in the board circular dated 15th October, 1986. In the circular dated 16th December, 1993 the board clarified as under:

“2. The Board has considered the matter and has decided that if the terms of the schemes of allotment and construction of flats/houses by the co-operative societies or other institutions are similar to those mentioned in para 2 of Board’s Circular No.471, dated 15-10-1986, such cases may also be treated as cases of construction for the purposes of sections 54 and 54F of the Income-tax Act.”

It can thus be seen that the entire issue was clarified by the CBDT in its above mentioned two circulars dated 15th October, 1986 and 16th December, 1993. In terms of such clarifications, the date of allotment would be the date on which the purchaser of a residential unit can be stated to have acquired the property. There is nothing on record to suggest that the allotment in construction scheme promised by the builder in the present case was materially different from the terms of allotment and construction by D.D.A.. In that view of the matter, CIT appeals of the Tribunal correctly held that the assessee had acquired the property in question on 31st December, 2004 on which the allotment letter was issued.

Respectfully, following the same, we confirm the stand of Ld. first appellate authority to the extent that the resultant gains were Long-Term Capital Gains in nature.

5.3 The only surviving issue is assessee’s eligibility to claim deduction u/s 54F. The undisputed fact, in that respect, are that the assessee has made the payment within stipulated time as envisaged by Section 54F and the allotment in a specific property has been obtained by the assessee on 14/04/2012 which is evident from allotment letter as placed on page nos. 186 to 190 of the paper-book. Therefore, since all the conditions of Section 54F was fulfilled by the assessee, there could be no occasion to deny the benefit of deduction to the assessee. Therefore, no infirmity could be found in the impugned order.

  1. Finally, the appeal stands dismissed.

Order pronounced in the open court on 02nd April, 2019.

            Sd/-                                               Sd/-

      (Saktijit Dey)                                   (Manoj Kumar Aggarwal)

 ाियक सद  / Judicial Member                         लेखा सद  / Accountant Member

मुंबई Mumbai; िदनां कDated : 02nd April, 2019

Sr.PS:-Jaisy Varghese

आदे श की +ितिलिप अ &े िषत/Copy of the Order forwarded to :

  1. अपीलाथ/ The Appellant
  2. थ/ The Respondent
  3. आयकरआयु(अपील) / The CIT(A)
  4. आयकरआयु/ CIT- concerned
  5. िवभागीयितिनिध, आयकरअपीलीयअिधकरण, मुंबई/ DR, ITAT, Mumbai
  6. गाड& फाईल/ Guard File आदे शानुसार/ BY ORDER, उप/सहायकपंजीकार (Dy./Asstt.Registrar) आयकरअपीलीयअिधकरण, मुंबई / ITAT, Mumbai