Why JSON utility for filing Income Tax Return: What difference it will make

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Why JSON utility for filing Income Tax Return: What difference it will make

The return filing process has been shifted from Java or excel based utility to JSON based utility.
The change is going to increase the speed for uploading the data at the income tax portal. The Java based utility has been outdated by most of the advanced countries. The shifting from XML based uploading to JSON would reduce the data size by around 65% to 70% making the process smooth and speedy.
However, the biggest problem is the sudden announcement of the department for shifting from JAVA or Excel to JSON. It would have been better if the CBDT could have announced around 6 months back about its intention to shift to JSON. This would have enabled the software provider company to plan its easy implementation. Now, all the programmes like Tax Pro, Compu Tax, Spectrum, etc would be required to ensure shifting to JSONS utility which may further be a little time consuming process.
Further, the excel based utility has also been done away now and all the returns will be on JSON based utility only.
It may be noted that CBDT has already released JSON Utility for ITR1 and ITR 4 for AY 21-22 available on efiling portal.  The utility for other ITRs will be enabled shortly, the ITR1 to 4 can be filled using a single JSON Utility. Import of the Prefill file is mandatory in utility.
Excel & Java version of ITR utilities will be discontinued from AY 2021-22 which may mean that if any return is required to be filed for earlier years pursuant to reassessment notices, it may be continued in the earlier utilities wherein data is uploaded through XML file.
For the taxpayers or tax professionals, it won’t make much difference as the programmer or software companies will be providing them with back end working which will ensure smooth front display as it was there earlier.
However, one thing is sure. With JSON utility, the process of filing or uploading income tax returns will be better. Taxpayers may not come across server downtime during peak hours or last date now. The problem which the taxpayers have faced now on 31st March or 31st July may not be there in the AY 2021-22.


  1. May 3, 2021

    I experimented with doing itr 1 for ay 2921-23. I had couple of problems. when I clicked PR0.1 invariably some error notification appeared. I have to redo click a few times and then of course it started downloading in computer’s “download” folder. When I downloaded in Chrome the download is NOT complete. Instead of about 84 mb only 35-40 mb was loaded and therefore the step 2 window did NOT come up at all. After a few failed attempts I downloaded in Microsoft edge and downloading was complete and thewindow was parked in Desktop and I was able to proceed further. But when I came to Salary it tried to fill from form 16. But I am government pensioner and no body issues form 16 and so the salary is given as zero (0) I do not find anyway to edit the details of salary (I mean pension) which I know . These are the few hiccups and have to be clarified. I do not even know whom to contact for any clarification. if I have doubts in filling. There should be by Income tax department.

  2. July 11, 2021

    why there is a common JSON utility for ITR1,2,3,4 AND also a separate utility for ITR2
    which utility should I use for ITR2


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