“We would expect the Department of Revenue, particularly, Department of Income Tax to penalise such defaulters and take other strict measures contemplated by law against them” – Bombay HC

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“We would expect the Department of Revenue, particularly, Department of Income Tax to penalise such defaulters and take other strict measures contemplated by law against them” – Bombay HC

Issue : 

Tax deduction at source & Duty of person deducting tax for furnishing of TDS certificate by employer

Overview :

Where assessee contended that due to non-furnishing of TDS certificate by employer, he suffered at the hands of Revenue, Revenue was directed to take necessary steps so that such occurrences were avoided in future and to penalise such defaulters and take strict measures as contemplated by law against them prima facie, the reading of this section together with its explanation furnishes enough ground to bring such persons 5 to book by applying provisions of section 405 of the Indian Penal Code to them.

Assessee-employee filed writ petition contending that persons in charge of companies do not bother to issue certificate for deduction of TDS from salary and consequently, employees were proceeded against by Revenue for breaching and violating legal provisions.

It is held that as assessee was senior citizen and because he was not in possession of certificate, he had suffered at hands of Revenue, therefore necessary steps were to be taken in law so that such occurrences were avoided in future. Revenue was directed to penalise such defaulters and take other strict measures contemplated by law against them prima facie, the reading of this section together with its explanation furnishes enough ground to bring such persons 5 to book by applying provisions of section 405 of the Indian Penal Code to them.

Decision: In assessee’s favour.

IN THE BOMBAY HIGH COURT

S.C. DHARMADHIKARI & B.P. COLABAWALLA, JJ.

Ramprakash Biswanath Shroff v. CIT

Writ Petition No. 2537 of 2018

15 October, 2018

Petitioner by: Ramprakash B. Shroff

Respondent by: Suresh Kumar

ORDER

At the request of Mr. Suresh Kumar and to enable him to file a comprehensive affidavit, we post this matter on 19-11-2018.

2. This Writ Petition raises an issue which is of serious concern for those salaried employees employed by Companies and Corporations, whose Promoters and persons in-charge do not bother to issue, to the employees from whose salary, the tax is deducted at source, the certificates. Hence, the petitioner says that the Form No. 16 having not been issued in time, the employees are suffering serious consequences and are proceeded against for breaching and violating legal provisions. Some of these employees are senior citizens.

3. We would, therefore, request the respondents, particularly the Commissioner of Income Tax (TDS), Mumbai to file a comprehensive affidavit.

4. We want the Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue also to be made aware of these serious lapses in Mumbai and around. We have noticed that there is no transparency, in the sense, no information is ever displayed in relation to such defaulters by the Department. We expect the Department to provide information of such defaulters so that those seeking employment or awaiting either retiral benefits or such other sums from the employers would know in advance as to how they are expected to comply with law. The petitioner says that he is a senior citizen of 65 years of age and because he is not in possession of Form No. 16, he has suffered at the hands of the Department. Let, therefore, the necessary steps be taken in law so that such occurrences are avoided in future. We would expect the Department of Revenue, particularly, Department of Income Tax to penalise such defaulters and take other strict measures contemplated by law against them. We post this matter in the hope that this Writ Petition will be taken as test case by respondent No. 1.

5. During the course of arguments, we have invited Mr. Suresh Kumar’s attention to section 405 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and we find that prima facie, the reading of this section together with its explanation furnishes enough ground to bring the persons like respondent Nos. 2 to 5 to book by applying provisions of section 405 of the Indian Penal Code to them. We do not see any record till date of the Department of Revenue having applied such a provision in the prosecution launched against such defaulters. Let Mr. Suresh Kumar enlighten us on this aspect as well.

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