Food Security and Standardization Authority of India (FSSAI) license is mandatory before starting any food business. This food License is location specific and is also term bound. All the manufacturers, traders, restaurants who are involved in food business must obtain a 14-digit registration or a license number which must be printed on food packages.

This step is taken by government’s food licensing & registration system to ensure that food products undergo certain quality checks, thereby reducing the instances of adulteration, substandard products and improve accountability of manufacturers by issuing food service license.


  1. Basic Registration: Applicable for business having annual turnover of below Rs. 12 Lakh per annum.
  1. State License: Applicable for business having annual turnover of between Rs. 12 lakh-20 crore per annum.
  2. Central License:Applicable for business having annual turnover of above 20 crore per annum.

How to apply?

The process of application starts with identification of eligibility of the premises.

For manufacturers– depending upon the installed capacity

For other kind of business– depending upon the turnover and/or location,

Premises will be eligible for any of the following categories-

  1. Central license


  • Eligible food business operators like importer, 100% EoU’s, agencies, airports, seaports, etc. need to take license from Central Authority.
  • Central license issued by FSSAI Regional Offices operating across the nation.
  1. State License


  • Eligible food business operators like manufacturers, storage, transporters, retailers, marketers, distributors, etc need to take license from the State Authority.
  • State license is issued by State Authorities operating in each state.


Sr. No. Type of Business Central License State License
Dairy units More than 50,000 liters liquid milk/day


2500 MT of solid milk per annum

501-50,000 LPD of milk


More than 2.5 MT-2500 MT of sold milk Per annum

Vegetable oil processing, refineries including oil expeller unit More than 2 MT/day Up to 2 MT/day


T/o above 12 lakhs

Slaughtering units Large animals > 50/day

Small animals -150 or more/day

Poultry birds -1000 or more/day

Large animals – More than 2 up to 50

Small animals – More than 10 up to 150

Poultry birds – More than 50 up to 1000/day

Meat processing units More than 500 Kg of meat/day


150 MT per annum

Up to 500 Kg meat/ day


150 Mt per annum

All food processing units including relabellers and repackers More than 2 MT/day EXCEPT grains, cereals, pulses milling units More than 100Kg/Ltr- 20MT/day. All grains, cereals, pulses milling units
Proprietary foods All
100%  Export Oriented units (EoU) All
Importing foods items including food ingredients and additives for commercial use All
  Storage EXCEPT controlled atmosphere and cold Capacity > 50,000 MT Capacity upto 50,000 MT
  Storage (cold/ refrigerated) Capacity > 10,000 MT Capacity upto 10,000 MT
  Storage (Controlled atmosphere and cold) Capacity > 1,000 MT Capacity upto 1,000 MT
  Wholesaler T/o > 30 Crores T/o  upto 30 Crores
  Retailer T/o > 20 Crores T/o  upto 20 Crores
  Distributor T/o > 20 Crores T/o upto 20 Crores
  Supplier T/o > 20 Crores T/o upto 20 Crores
  Caterer T/o > 20 Crores T/o upto 20 Crores
  Hotel Five star hotel and above Three star and above and below five star


Up to three star and T/o> 12 lakhs

  Restaurant T/o > 20 Crores T/o upto 20 Crores
  Transporter Having more than 10 vehicles or wagon


T/o > 30 Crores

Having up to 100 vehicles or wagon


T/o upto 30 Crores

  Marketer T/o > 20 Crores T/o upto 20 Crores
  Dhaba, Boarding houses serving food, Banquet hall with food catering arrangements, Home based canteens, Dabba wallas, Permanent or temporary stall holder, Food stalls, arrangements in religious gatherings, fairs etc.

Fish/meat/poultry stall or any food vending establishment.

T/o > 12 lakhs/ annum
  Club/canteen T/o > 12 lakhs/ annum

Fee structure for Central license:

The payment shall be made by the Food Business Operator through online transfer. The fees paid by the applicant shall not be refundable.

Particulars Amount of fees
New license Rs. 7500 per year
Renewal license Rs. 7500 per year
Modification license Rs. 7500 per modification
Duplicate license 10% of the applicable license fee




Fee structure for State license:

Particulars Amount of fees
Above 1MT/day production Rs. 5000
10001 to 50,000 LPD of milk


2500 MT of solid milk  per annum

Rs. 5000
Below 1MT of production Rs. 3000
501 to 10,000 LPD of milk


2.5 to 500 MT of solid milk per annum

Rs. 3000
Hotel up to 4 star Rs. 5000
All food service providers including restaurants, boarding houses, clubs etc. serving food, canteens, caterers, banquet halls with food catering arrangements, food vendors like dabbawallas etc. and other food business operators. Rs. 2000
Renewal of License Depends upon no of years selected
Modification license Fees for 1 per year per license modification
Duplicate license 10% of the applicable license fee


Procedure for Obtaining FSSAI Registration

  1. FSSAI registration is initiated by submitting Form A (application) to food and safety department.
  2. This application can be accepted or it may be rejected by the Department within 7 days from the application date and the fact has to be intimated to the applicant in writing
  3. If the application is accepted, then the department will grant a registration certificate with the registration number and the photo of the applicant.
  4. FBO should prominently display the certificate of registration at the place of business during the business hours.

People who require license:

  1. Food Business Operator: License / registration with FSSAI are mandatory for every Food Business Operator (FBO). Whether a FBO requires a License or registration depends upon the factors like capacity of production/ handling etc., nature of food business activities and area of operation. Before making an application to the authority FBO must undergo the eligibility search to understand whether it needs registration or license (State License/Central License).
  1. Importer of Food: Every person who is an importer has to apply for a central license at their address which has been registered with DGFT while obtaining Import Export Code. A food business carrying on business at different location needs to apply for separate license for each location. Thus each location will be issued a separate license except transporter where one license will be issued for all the vehicles of a single transporter/ business.
  1. Central Food License: In case a Food Business Operator is operating in more than two states, it has to obtain one additional central License for the Head Office/ Registered Office and separate license for each location, which will again depend upon the factors like capacity of production/ handling etc., nature of food business activities and area of operation.

Documents required:

  • Declaration form
  • Authority letter
  • Copy of property letter (own property)
  • Copy of rent agreement (rented property)
  • Food safety management system or certificate
  • Electricity/ Water bills
  • Copy of Aadhar card/ Voter Id card of proprietor/ Partners/ Directors
  • Form IX : Nominations of persons by a company along with Board Resolution

Additional document for manufacturer:

  • Blue print or layout of the processing unit
  • List of equipment and machinery
  • List of food category desired to be manufactured
  • Pesticide residues of water

FSSAI Number:

  • The 14-digit number provides information about the manufacturer’s license or registration details and the manufacturing state which will be called as FSSAI NO.
  • In case of imported food products, the importer shall display FSSAI logo and license number along with the name and address of importer on a sticker to be affixed before customs clearance.
  • The Brand owner shall display the FSSAI logo and his license number on the label of food package.

Penalty for Non- Compliance

Listed is the penalty for various type of non-compliance:

Sr. No. Particulars Fine
1 Food quality not in compliance with act 2 Lakh

Petty manufacturer – 25,000/-

2 Sub-standard food 5 Lakh
3 Misbranded Food 3 Lakh
4 Misleading advertisement or false description 10 Lakh
5 Extraneous matter in food 1 Lakh
6 Failure to comply with Food safety officer direction 2 Lakh
7 Unhygienic processing or manufacture 1 Lakh

-Juhi Ganatra (Article Assistant)

M/s. SSRPN & Co. Nagpur