How to get Income tax refund speedily?


Income tax refund

Query 1]

Kindly advice, by what time normally tax refund is receive? Now a day, it is learnt that within one month tax is refunde. But in my case, despite elapse of 3 months, I did not receive refund so far. Kindly enlighten. []


“Next to  shot at and miss, nothing is really quite as satisfying as an Income Tax Refund”.

-F.J. Raymond.


Gone are the days when getting the refund was stupendous task. With the passage of time, the time take for issue of refunds has been reduce from years to months to almost weeks now. More and more taxpayers are surprisingly finding the credit of income tax refund in their bank account within unexpectedly short period and that too without even approaching or writing to their assessing officer. As far as issue of income tax refund is concerned, CBDT deserves kudos for expediting the refund mechanisms by suitably resorting to technological advancement & making income tax department as one of the most vibrant tax administrator of the country. The timely issue of refund, besides boosting the confidence of taxpayer, has also resulted in lower interest outgo for the Government. It’s for the other government department to take the lessons for improvement while working out taxpayer friendly measure.

Though refunds are issued speedily in majority of the cases, there are instances where the refunds are withheld despite repetitive reminders & letters. There are the cases where the delay in issue of refund is on account of error on the part of the taxpayers as well. The taxpayers may not know the reasons for the delay in issue of income tax refund. However, they can take care of the following points so as to avoid the withholding of the refund by the department:

  1. Non verification of ITR-V

    After e-filing the return without attaching digital signature, taxpayers are required to either send the copy of ITR-V (Acknowledgment) to the CPC, Bengaluru or required to verify the ITR-V by linking it with UIN/Aadhar Card. In case the return is not verifie, it is not consider as a valid return and the return remain unprocess. As a result, the refund is not issue in such cases.
    [Remedy: Submission of ITR-V within the prescribed timelines or e-verify the return by using aadhar card]

  2. Mismatch in the tax paid details:

    TDS credit claimed in the income tax return is not matching with the TDS reflected in the 26AS of the taxpayers. It may be note that Salary TDS and other TDS are require to be reporte in Sch “TDS-1” and Sch “TDS-2” Separately. Also Correct TAN of the Deductor should be carefully mentione in the return. In case the TAN of the Employer/Deductor is not correctly mentione, no matching is possible and TDS credit will not be given.
    [Remedy: Verify the TDS as per Form 16/ 16A with the online 26AS record. In case of any discrepancy, contact your employer or deductor for the rectification].

  3. Error in bank account details:

    The income tax refund remained unpaid if the bank account details of the taxpayers are not given correctly by the tax payers at the time of filing income tax return.
    [Remedy: Ensure that bank account details are correctly mentioned in the tax return, like bank account number, ISFC code, etc. If the bank account has changed after the filing of returns, communicate the new account number & ISFC code to jurisdictional Assessing Officer. The AO will instruct SBI to issue a new cheque to the new account that taxpayer has intimated].

  4. ITR not e-filed but submitted physically:

    In case the income tax return is filed physically as against e-filing, little longer time is taken in issuing the refund as the data is required to be punched in the income tax portal before issue of refund by the local income tax office.
    [Remedy: In such case, taxpayer could wait for reasonably a little longer time. If the refund is not received, taxpayer should approach his assessing officer with a request letter for issue of refund].

  5. Incorrect data of challan recorded while filing the income tax return:
    Taxpayer should ensure that there is no error

    in the tax challan while making the payment like PAN error, error in the head of tax payment like advance tax, tax on regular assessment, error in mentioning Assessment Year, tax applicable (Income tax other than companies), error in quoting Challan Identification Number (CIN) etc. All the data should be carefully recorde so as to get the credit in the income tax return.
    [Remedy: If there is a mistake in the payment of challan, the required correction is first required to be carried out by approaching the assessing officer. If there is mistake in quoting the CIN in the return, the facts may be updated by logging at the income tax website in the menu “My Account”].

By taking above precaution while filing the income tax return, timely credit of refund could be ensure by the taxpayers itself.

Further, taxpayer can check the status of the income tax refund online also. For this, login at by entering PAN along with assessment years. The information is available for the past 10 years.

After submitting the request, the status message will display the reason for non issuance of the refund. Broadly, the status messages could be as under:

  • Refund not determined:

    It meant that the taxpayer return has not been processe so far. The department is still working on it and there are no specific deadlines or guidance available on the period for processing of such return with the said status.

  • No e-filing is done for this assessment year:

    It meant that taxpayers has not send the acknowledgement slip (ITR-V) to the CPC, t Bengaluru or the department has not receive it for some reason or the return is file physically. In such case, either taxpayer should forward sign copy of ITR-V to the CPC, Bengaluru or should e-verify the return using aadhar linking facility. If the return is file manually, the taxpayer should approach his assessing officer.

  • Refund is pay:
    It may meant that the money is adjuste against any outstanding tax demand of other years, according to the record of the department. Further, non receipt could also be on account of change in address of the taxpayers.
  • No demand no refund:

    It meant that there is no tax payable or refundable to the taxpayer. This could also be because there are some deductions taxpayer is not eligible for & so no refund is permissible. In such cases, the taxpayer needs to file a revision.

  • Contact your jurisdictional assessing officer:

    It meant that CPC has processe the return and the same has been referr to the jurisdictional assessing officer either because the department has initiate assessment proceedings under Section 143 or there is a rectification, which cannot be processe by the CPC. In such case, taxpayer has to approach jurisdictional assessing officer.

By tracking the refund status online at the above referred links, taxpayers can ensure the speedily issue of refund.

Income tax refund

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