Validity of Addition under section 68 where creditworthiness and genuineness not proved but Alleged outstanding loan was repaid subsequently
Short Overview : Since the unaccounted money as alleged by the AO was the loan, which was repaid subsequently by assessee, addition made on account of unverifiable unsecured loans was unjustified.
In the instant appeal revenue challenged the order of CIT(A) deleting the addition made on account of unverifiable unsecured loans even though the creditworthiness/capacity to the lender could not be proved. Revenue contended that assessee had failed to prove the genuineness of transaction, therefore, the addition was justified.
it is held that CIT(A) had given detailed finding and taken into consideration of the submissions made by assessee as well as the remand report of the AO called during Appellate Proceedings. In-fact, from the records it emerged that the unaccounted money as alleged by the AO was the loan which was repaid subsequently by assessee. Therefore, there was no need to interfere with the findings of CIT(A). The appeal of revenue was dismissed.
Decision: In assessee’s favour.
Referred: CIT, Meerut v. Nav Bharat Duplex Ltd. [Income Tax Appeal No. – 279 of 2010, dt. 4-1-2013] : 2014 TaxPub(DT) 0729 (All-HC), CIT-I v. Kapoor Chand Mangesh Chand [IT Appeal No. 309 of 2009, dt. 30-10-2012], CIT v. S. Kamaljeet Singh (2005) 147 Taxman 18 (All) : 2005 TaxPub(DT) 1275 (All-HC).
IN THE ITAT, DELHI
R. K. PANDA, A.M. AND SUCHITRA KAMBLE, J.M.
ITO v. Habitat Infrastructure Ltd.
ITA No. 6155/DEL/2015
11 February, 2019
Appellant by: Surender Pal, Senior Departmental Representative
Respondent by: Rakesh Gupta, Somil Aggarwal, Deepesh Garg, & Shubham Sobti, Advs
Suchitra Kamble, J.M.
This appeal is filed by the revenue against the order dated 14-8-2014 passed by Commissioner(Appeals) – Muzaffarnagar for assessment year 2010-11.
2. The grounds of appeal are as under:-
“1. The learned Commissioner(Appeals) has erred in law as well as on facts in law deleting the addition of Rs. 3,19,50,000 made on account of unverifiable unsecured loans, as the creditworthiness/capacity to the lender could not be proved.
2. The learned Commissioner(Appeals) has erred in law as well as on facts in law deleting the addition of Rs. 3,19,50,000 made on account of unverifiable unsecured loans as the assessee failed to prove the genuineness of transaction.”
3. The assessee is a (P.) Ltd. Company deriving income from business. Return declaring income at Rs. 4,21,980 was filed on 2-10-2010. During the assessment proceedings the assessing officer observed that the assessee has raised unsecured loans amounting to Rs. 3,70,08,454 from different Companies. Therefore, the assessing officer sought information under section 133(6) of the Act from the aforesaid companies at the address furnished by the assessee. The assessee made written submission before the assessing officer. However, the assessing officer after considering written submissions held that the unsecured loans as anonymous/bogus/non-genius loans in the hands of the assessee company and made addition of Rs. 3,19,50,000 to the income of the assessee as unexplained cash credit u/s 68 of the Act.
4. Being aggrieved by the assessment order, the assessee filed appeal before the Commissioner(Appeals). The Commissioner(Appeals) allowed the appeal of the assessee.
5. The learned Departmental Representative submitted that the Commissioner(Appeals) erred in deleting the assessee addition as the credit worthiness/capacity to the lender could not be proved by the assessee. Thus, the learned Departmental Representative relied upon the order of the assessing officer.
The learned Departmental Representative further submitted that the assessee failed to prove the genuineness of the transaction.
6. The learned authorised representative relied upon the order of the Commissioner(Appeals).
7. We have heard both the parties and perused the material available on record. The Commissioner(Appeals) held as under:-
“The facts of the case, submissions made by the appellant, remand reports of the assessing officer and rejoinders of the appellant have been carefully considered. It is observed that the appellant during the year had received unsecured loans from 11 different corporate entities aggregating to Rs. 3,19,50,000. During the assessment proceedings, the assessing officer examined and verified various documentary evidences viz. confirmation letters from aforesaid corporate entities, its acknowledgement of returns of income up to assessment year 2012-13, PANs, copies of audited balance sheets, written replies furnished in compliance to notices issued u/s 133(6) of the Act, copies of their bank statements from whom the loans were advanced to the appellant which established the identity and creditworthiness of the lender companies and also genuineness of transaction. The appellant at the appellate stage has also furnished copies of the aforesaid documents in support of its claim.
However, the aforesaid evidences were rejected by the assessing officer and it was held that the unsecured loans were not genuine and the identity and creditworthiness of the lender companies could not be proved on the following grounds:-
(i) That the replies submitted by the depositor companies in response to notice under section 133(6) were posted from Ghaziabad,
(ii) That the inspector reported in some cases that no company exists on the given address,
(iii) That the signature on the Balance-sheet of the depositor companies does not match with the signature on the confirmation letters,
(iv) That the opening & closing balance in the bank account of the depositor companies were low and thus there is no real generation of income,
(v) That the depositor companies have maintained their bank accounts for establishing their existence on paper only,
(vi) That no actual business is carried out by the depositor companies and they exist on paper only,
(vii) That mere filing of return does not prove the existence, of the depositor companies, and
(viii) That the amount credited in the bank account of the depositor companies is siphoned out in a day or two.
However, such adverse inference drawn by the assessing officer has no force due to the following reasons:-
Regarding replies submitted in response to notice under section 133(6) of the Act, the submission of the appellant along with evidences shows that in some cases the directors of the depositor companies .were the residents of Ghaziabad and in other cases, the auditors were from Ghaziabad. The assessing officer’s observation that in some cases enquiries .were conducted by the ITI who reported that company does exist on the given address has no force in as much as the notices under section 133(6) as well as the summons under section 131 of the Act were served to the lender companies. As regards the difference in signatures on the replies filed in response to notice under section 133(6) and confirmations letters, it is observed that confirmations letters have been signed authorized representative whereas the balance sheets and replies to notice under section 133(6) of the Act have been signed by the Directors of the lender companies. The observation of the assessing officer in regard to the low balances in their bank account has no force these are the current bank accounts of the lender companies and no interest is accrued on the balances in the current accounts. The observation in regard to maintenance of the bank account for establishing the existence on paper only has no legs as it is a mandatory requirement of law to actual business of the lender companies the evidences furnished by the appellant clearly establishes that six of the depositor companies are non-banking finance companies registered with the Reserve Bank of India and two are registered with SEBI and MCX carrying on their business activities. As regards the filing of return of income tax returns by the lender companies to prove their existence has also no meaning as it is a mandatory requirement of the Income Tax Act, 1961 to file the return of income by every corporate entity.
On the basis of details, evidences and arguments of the appellant, the adverse inference drawn by the assessing officer’ in the assessment order as discussed above, is held as baseless and accordingly rejected.
From the perusal of the details and evidences placed on record, it is gathered that the unsecured loans were raised from 11 corporate entities through account payee cheques and the advances to the appellant were duly reflected in their audited balance sheets by the respective corporate entities. It is also a matter of fact on record that all the aforesaid companies are assessed to tax and evidence of filing their returns of income was made to the assessing officer.
From the order of the assessing officer and remand reports, it is observed that the assessing officer has not brought any adverse material evidence on record to suggest that the details and evidences furnished by the appellant were not genuine. Further, nothing adverse has been brought on record by the assessing officer to establish that the unsecured loans received from 11 corporate entities, part of which was repaid in the subsequent year and interest was also paid to some of the depositors after deducting 1JJS, represented appellant’s undisclosed income.
The assessing officer has not brought any adverse material on record to establish that the confirmation letters filed by the lender companies in response to notices issued under section 133(6) of the Act were not genuine.
From the perusal of the remand report of the assessing officer dated 10-6-2015 and the copies of statements recorded by the assessing officer on oath, it is observed that all the 11 corporate entities have deposed that their respective companies had. advanced loans to the appellant through account payee cheques and such advance had been reflected in their respective balance sheets, filed with the various agencies including the Income Tax Department along with their return of income.
The assessing officer’s observation’ that the aforesaid lenders companies were paper entities is not backed by adverse material evidence on record. Further, there is nothing on record to suggest that the transactions of the appellant with the 11 corporate entities were not genuine and the impugned amount represented appellant’s own undisclosed income routed in its books of account in the garb of unsecured loans. Reliance is placed .on the decision of Hon’ble Allahabad High Court in the case of CIT v. Kapoor Chand Magnesh Chand (2013) 218 Taxman 157 (All) in Appeal No.309 of 2009 and CIT v. S. Kamaljeet Singh (2005) 147 Taxman 18 (All) : 2005 TaxPub(DT) 1275 (All-HC) besides other proceedings.
It is observed that the assessing officer’s inference that the lenders companies were not creditworthy on the ground that such companies had shown low profit has no force in as much as the capacity to invest funds by an investor depends upon the availablility of funds with the investors and not on the tax paid/annual income of the investor. The appellant has furnished copies balance sheets of the lender companies to establish the creditworthiness of the lender companies which highlights their net worth to advance loans to the appellant From the perusal of the respective balance sheets of the investor companies, it is clear that such companies are having substantial finances at their command and as such these companies are entities of means. Reliance is placed on the decision of Hon’ble Allahabad High Court in the case of CIT, Meerut v. Nav Bharat Duplex Ltd. dt. 4-1-2013 in ITA No.279/2010.
The intention of law is that unaccounted money should be brought to tax.
As per provisions of section 68 of the Act onus is on the person in whose books of account such money is surfaced. If an amount is surfaced in the books of an assessee either in. the shape of share application money or a deposit/loan; it is presumed that such money belongs to the person in whose name it has been shown. However, as per provisions of section 68 of the Act, deeming provisions postulates that it is possible that the assessee may circulate its own unaccounted money in the shape of bogus persons and therefore legal onus has been created.. What is relevant is the identity, creditworthiness of the depositor and genuineness of the transaction. All these three conditions have beyond doubt been established and onus of the assessee/appellant has been discharged u/s 68 of the Act. The appellant has amply proved and discharged its burden by filing the necessary relevant documentary evidences in support of unsecured loans raised during the year.
Thus in the light of the above facts and following the ratio decidende of the Hon’ble Courts (supra), it is held that the assessing officer was not justified in making addition of Rs. 3,19,50,000. The same is directed to be deleted. Grounds of Appeal Nos. l to 9 are allowed.
4. In result, the appeal is allowed.”
8. The Commissioner(Appeals) has given detailed finding and taken into consideration of the submissions made by the assessee as well as the remand report of the assessing officer called during Appellate Proceedings. In-fact, from the records it emerges that the unaccounted money as alleged by the assessing officer was the loan which was repaid subsequently by the assessee. Therefore, there is no need to interfere with the findings of the Commissioner(Appeals). The appeal of the revenue is dismissed.
9. In result, the appeal of the revenue is dismissed.
Order pronounced in the open court on 11-2-2019.