All about Deduction Under Chapter VI-A for AY 2019-20
1. Section 80C-
Deductions on Investments
This deduction is allowed to an Individual or a HUF for amounts paid/contributed/ invested towards life insurance, contribution to Provident Fund set up by the Government, recognized Provident Fund, contribution by the assessee to an approved superannuation fund, subscription to National Savings Certificates, tuition fees, payment/ repayment for purposes of purchase or construction of a residential house and many other investments.
A deduction of Rs 1,50,000 can be claimed from your total income. The aggregate amount of deduction under section 80C, 80CCC, and 80CCD(1) shall not exceed Rs. 1,50,000/-
2. Section 80CCC –
Deduction for Premium Paid for Annuity Plan of LIC or Other Insurer
This deduction is allowed to an Individual for any amount paid or deposited in any annuity plan of LIC or any other insurer. The plan must be for receiving a pension from a fund referred to in Section 10(23AAB). Pension received from the annuity or amount received upon surrender of the annuity, including interest or bonus accrued on the annuity, is taxable in the year of receipt.
3. Section 80CCD-
Deduction for Contribution to Pension Account
a. Employee’s contribution – Section 80CCD(1) This deduction is allowed to an individual who makes deposits to his/her pension account. Deduction for contribution in a pension scheme notified by the Government to the extent of 10% of salary in case of employees and 10% of total income in case of others.
The deduction is in addition to the maximum deduction of Rs. 1,50,000/- available under 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD(1).
b.Deduction for self-contribution to NPS – Section 80CCD (1B) An additional deduction of up to Rs 50,000 is allowed for the amount deposited by a taxpayer to their NPS account.
c. Employer’s contribution to NPS – Section 80CCD (2) The additional deduction is allowed for an employer’s contribution to an employee’s pension account of up to 10% of the salary of the employee.
4. Section 80D –
Deduction for the premium paid for Medical Insurance
Deduction under this section is available to an individual or a HUF towards Medical Insurance Premium for self and family members.
For self, spouse and children ( anyone age < 60 yrs ) – Rs. 25,000
For Parents – Father or mother or both (anyone age < 60 yrs) -Rs. 25,000
For self, spouse and children ( anyone age > 60 yrs ) – Rs. 50,000
For Parents – Father or mother or both (anyone age > 60 yrs) – Rs. 50,000
5. Section 80DD –
Deduction for Rehabilitation of Handicapped Dependent Relative
The deduction is available to a resident individual or a HUF and is available on:
a. Expenditure incurred on medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of handicapped dependent relative
b. Payment or deposit to specified scheme for maintenance of dependent handicapped relative.
i. Where disability is 40% or more but less than 80% – fixed deduction of Rs 75,000.
ii. Where there is a severe disability (disability is 80% or more) – fixed deduction of Rs 1,25,000.
To claim this deduction a certificate of disability is required from a prescribed medical authority.
6. Section 80DDB –
Deduction for Medical Expenditure on Self or Dependent Relative
This deduction can be claimed up to Rs 40,000.
For an Individual, such deduction is available in respect of any expenses incurred towards the treatment of certain specified medical diseases or ailments for himself or any of his dependents.
For a HUF, such deduction is available in respect of medical expenses incurred towards these prescribed ailments, for any of the members of the HUF.
7. Section 80U –
Deduction for Person suffering from Physical Disability
A deduction of Rs. 75,000 is available to a resident individual who suffers from a physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation. In case of severe disability, deduction of Rs. 1,25,000 can be claimed.
8. Section 80E –
Deduction for Interest on Education Loan for Higher Studies
This deduction is allowed only to an individual for interest on loan taken for pursuing higher education. This loan may have been taken for the taxpayer, spouse or children or for a student for whom the taxpayer is a legal guardian.
The loan should be taken from any Bank / financial institution or any approved charitable institutions. Section 80E deduction is available for a maximum of 8 years (beginning the year in which the interest starts getting repaid) or till the entire interest is repaid, whichever is earlier. There is no restriction on the amount that can be claimed.
9. Section 80EE –
Deductions on Home Loan Interest for First Time Home Owners
The deduction under this section 80EE is available only to an individual who is a first-time home-owner. The value of the property purchased must be less than Rs 50 lakh and the home loan must be less than Rs 35 lakh.
The loan must be taken from a financial institution and have been sanctioned between 01 April 2016 to 31 March 2017. Through this section, an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 can be claimed on home loan interest. This is in addition to deduction of Rs 2,00,000 allowed under section 24 of the Income Tax Act for self-occupied house property.
10. Section 80G –
Deduction for donations towards Social Causes
The various donations specified in u/s 80G are eligible for deduction up to either 100% or 50% with or without restriction as provided in section 80G.
From FY 2017-18 any donations made in cash exceeding Rs 2,000 will not be allowed as deduction. Therefore the donations above Rs 2000 should be made in any mode other than cash to qualify as deduction u/s 80G.
11. Section 80GGB –
Deduction on contributions given by companies to Political Parties
This deduction is allowed to an Indian company for the amount contributed by it to any political party or an electoral trust. The deduction is allowed for contribution done by any mode other than cash.
12. Section 80GGC –
Deduction on contributions given by any person to Political Parties
Deduction under this section 80GGC is allowed to a taxpayer except for a company, local authority and an artificial juridical person wholly or partly funded by the government, for any amount contributed to any political party or an electoral trust. The deduction is allowed for contribution done by any mode other than cash.
13. Section 80GG –
Deduction for House Rent Paid Where HRA is not Received
The deduction is available to all individuals for rent paid when HRA is not received. The taxpayer, spouse or minor child should not own residential accommodation at the place of employment. The taxpayer should not have a self-occupied residential property in any other place and must be living on rent and paying rent.
Deduction available is the least of the following:
a. Rent paid minus 10% of adjusted total income
b. Rs 5,000/- per month
c. 25% of the adjusted total income
14. Section 80RRB –
Deduction with respect to any Income by way of Royalty of a Patent
One must satisfy the following conditions for claiming deductions against Section 80RRB:
(i) The individual claiming the deduction should be a resident of India.
(ii) Only those individuals that hold an original patent are eligible to apply for deduction under Section 80RRB. If any individual does not hold the original patent, he/she cannot apply for this deduction.
(iii) The patent against which the royalty has been received must be registered under the Patent Act, 1970.
A deduction of up to Rs. 3.00 Lakhs can be claimed against royalty payments. This amount is the maximum amount that can be claimed as a deduction. If the actual royalties received are less than Rs. 3 Lakhs, then only that much amount would be eligible for deduction.
15. Section 80 TTA –
Deduction from Gross Total Income for Interest on Savings Bank Account
Section 80TTA provides a deduction of Rs 10,000 on interest income. This deduction is available to an Individual and HUF.
This deduction is allowed on interest earned from a savings account with a bank, co-operative society carrying on the business of banking or post office.
This deduction is not allowed on interest earned on time deposits i.e, deposits repayable on expiry of fixed periods. It shall not be allowed for –
Interest from fixed deposits
Interest from recurring deposits
Any other time deposits
16. Section 80 TTB –
Deduction of Interest on Deposits for Senior Citizens
Section 80TTB has been inserted vide Budget 2018 whereby a taxpayer who is a resident senior citizen, aged 60 years and above at any time during a Financial Year (FY), can claim a specified amount as a deduction from his gross total income for that FY.
A deduction of lower than Rs 50,000 or an amount from a specified income is allowed from the gross total income. Specified income is any of the following income in aggregate:
Interest on bank deposits (savings or fixed);
Interest on deposits held in a co-operative society engaged in the business of banking, including a co-operative land mortgage bank or a co-operative land development bank; or
Interest on post office deposits