All about Profession Tax

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All about Profession Tax

profession tax

INTRODUCTION:

  • Even though GST is implemented, yet Maharashtra Profession Tax is not abolished. It is still applicable.
  • Profession Tax is a tax which is levied by the state on the income earned by way of profession, trade calling or employment.
  • Anyone earning an income from salary or anyone practicing a profession such as chartered accountant, company secretary, lawyer, doctor etc. are required to pay this profession tax.
  • There are two types of Profession tax registration

1) Profession Tax Enrollment certificate (PTEC)

2) Profession Tax Registration Certificate (PTRC)

 

Profession Tax

REGISTRATION AND ENROLMENT

Under Section 5 — every person, liable to pay tax u/s. 4, shall obtain a Certificate of Registration, and, every person, liable to pay tax u/s. 3(2), shall obtain a Certificate of Enrolment from prescribed authority in prescribed manner.

Application for enrolment/registration shall be made within 30 days from date of commencement of profession, trade, calling or employment or within 30 days of becoming liable to pay tax under the Act. (PTEC)

Obtaining a registration is mandatory within 30 days of employing first staff in the business. (PTRC)

RESPONSIBILITY OF DEDUCTION:

The owner of a business is responsible to deduct profession tax from the salaries of his employees and pay the amount so collected to the appropriate government department. He/she has to furnish a return to the tax department in the prescribed form within the specified time.

AMOUNT OF TAX:

Maximum amount of tax in the both the cases is of Rs.2500/-.

However in Profession tax (PTRC) is required to be deducted from the salary or wages paid. Since it is imposed at the state level, different states have different rates, collection method and hence, the tax amount varies but it is capped at Rs.2500 per annum.

 

SPECIAL BENEFIT OF PAYMENT FOR PTEC:

Enrolled person/s can avail the benefit of scheme, as provided u/s. 8(3) of the Act. Accordingly one can discharge his liability for five years by making advance payment, of an amount equal to four times of annual tax liability.

 SLAB FOR PTRC PAYABLE BY THE EMPLOYER:

SALARIES OR WAGES PAID TO EMPLOYEES (MONTHLY) AMOUNT
Does not exceed Rs. 7,500 NIL
Female – Exceeds Rs. 7,500 but does not exceed Rs.10,000 NIL
Male – Exceeds Rs. 7,500 but does not exceed Rs.10,000 Rs. 175 per month
Female and Male –Exceeds Rs.10,000 Rs. 200 per month*

Rs.300 in the month of February.

PTRC PAYMENT AND FILING OF RETURNS:

Annual Tax Liability During the Preceding Year Periodicity Due Date for Payment & E-Return Filing
Annual Tax Liability less than Rs. 50,000 Annually* 31st March of the respective F.Y.
Annual Tax Liability equal to or above Rs. 50,000 Monthly Last day of the respective month.

 

*Periodicity is monthly in the first year of registration.

INTEREST AND PENALTY FOR NON-PAYMENT OF TAX

If an enrolled person/registered employer fails to pay the tax in time he shall be liable to pay simple interest @ 1.25% of the tax payable for each month for which the tax remains unpaid.

Further if the enrolled person/registered employer fails without reasonable cause, to make payment of any tax within the required time the prescribed authority may, after a reasonable opportunity of hearing, impose a penalty equal to 10% of the tax due.

profession tax


About Author

 

Name: CA Monika N. Rathi

-The author is Chartered Accountant and she working as a partner in the M/s SSRPN. & Co.

 

 


 

1 COMMENT

  1. Profession Tax should be abolished. There’s is no point in continuing with this Act. The revenue which the Government receives from IT is also minimal. It’s abolition will add to ease of business.

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